ISSN : 0975-9492
CODEN : IJPSQQ





INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMA SCIENCES AND RESEARCH


Open Access

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ABSTRACT

Title : Patient Adherence to Insulin Therapy in Diabetes Type 1 and Type 2 in Chronic Ambulatory Clinic of Jimma University Specialized Hospital, Jimma, Ethiopia.
Authors : Fikadu Ejeta, Yarlagadda Raghavendra, Messay Wolde-Mariam
Keywords : Adherence, Insulin therapy, Type 1 and type 2 Diabetes, Jimma, Ethiopia.
Issue Date : April 2015
Abstract :
Introduction: Diabetes is highly prevalent, afflicting approximately 150 million people worldwide and this number is expected to rise to 300 million in the year 2025. It has been generally acknowledged for years that non adherence rates for chronic illness regimens and for lifestyle changes are ~ 50%. As a group, patients with diabetes are especially prone to substantial regimen adherence problems. It stresses the need for constant motivation and one to one level education at frequent intervals to ensure better compliance to the treatment of Diabetes Mellitus (DM). Objective: To assess patientís adherence to insulin therapy in patients with type 1& type 2 Diabetes Mellitus at Chronic Ambulatory Clinic of Jimma University Specialized Hospital, Jimma, Ethiopia. Materials and Method: A cross-sectional prospective study was carried out using semi structured questionnaire and interview. A total of 104 diabetic patients were included in the study by using convenience method of sampling from January 05-21, 2013 in ambulatory clinic of Jimma University Specialized Hospital. As the research has minimal risk involved the ethics committee allowed us to take verbal consent and the script of the verbal consent was used to take consent of the respondents. Results: Out of this one mother relieved from her DM after delivery. So the total of 104 patients was included. Out of these 49% were males and 51% were females. Diabetes is more prevalent in adult age group (19-45 years) i.e. 56%.Regarding to the present study the average adherence rate was 61 percent, the reasons for missing insulin were living in distance area, being too ill, hectic work load, adverse drug reactions and missing clinical appointment Conclusion: Adherence to diabetes treatment regimen is critical. In the present study the average adherence rate was 61 percent; and the reasons for missing insulin were living in distance area, being too ill, hectic work load, adverse drug reactions and missing clinical appointment. Continuous clinical monitoring and assessment of adherence should be done for provision of safe and effective diabetes therapy throughout the country.
Page(s) : 796-806
ISSN : 0975-9492
Source : Vol. 6, No.4