ISSN : 0975-9492


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Title : Macro- and Trace metals in three Medicinal Herbs Collected from Baghdad, Iraq Market.
Authors : Abdul Latif Mohammed Raouf, Kafa Khalaf Hammud, Saad Kareem Zamil
Keywords : Feverfew, Rosemary, Chamomile, Calcium, Magnesium, Zinc, Iron, Lead, Cadmium, Chromium, Manganese, Nickel, Cobalt.
Issue Date : November 2014
Abstract :
Several metals (Ca, Mg, Zn, Fe, Pb, Cd, Cr, Mn, Ni, and Co) were determined in three medicinal herbs (Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium), Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis), Chamomile or camomile (Matricaria chamomilla)) by applying Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. The obtained results showed that Calcium content in tested herb was ranged (1-3.675) ppm. Magnesium maximum content (4247.5) ppm presented in rosemary was higher and with this content kidney stone may be formed easily with other affected factors. Zinc concentration varied from (4.8-35.5) ppm reflecting type of plant effect on element transfer and accumulation in plant. Iron was with higher content (32-490) ppm compared with WHO recommendations. Lead content (3 ppm) in all tested herbs was less than the WHO highest limits but higher than Germany limits. Cadmium content found (0.575 ppm) only in Rosemary among three tested herbs which is more than WHO and Germany limitations. Chromium ranged (6-12) ppm that may be a result of its low solubility water and plant uptake. Manganese - Chamomile was below WHO maximum limit (200) ppm in medicinal plants with the lowest concentration (10.25) ppm while rosemary and feverfew had (27.75 and 12.375) ppm respectively. Nickel content ranged (8.8125-10.25) ppm was higher than WHO limitations. Cobalt was found in rosemary herb (1.85 ppm) while feverfew and chamomile were with the same content (0.5 ppm).
Page(s) : 799-802
ISSN : 0975-9492
Source : Vol. 5, No.11