ISSN : 0975-9492


Open Access

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Title : Knowledge, attitude and practice among diabetic patients on insulin therapy towards the disease and their medication at a university hospital in Northwestern Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study
Authors : Abyot Endale Gurmu, Fitsum Sebsibe Teni
Keywords : diabetes mellitus, insulin, knowledge, attitude, practice, patients, Ethiopia
Issue Date : October 2014
Abstract :
Objective: to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of diabetic patients who were self-administering insulin towards their management of disease and medication. Materials and Methods: a cross-sectional study was done in the hospital from 1st of April to 16th of May 2013 by through a structured interview with 150 diabetes mellitus patients who were self administering insulin as part of their therapy. Data collected was analyzed descriptively using SPSS version 19.0.
Results: majority (61.3%) were men and those in the age group of 14-29 years (47.3%). Amon those who experienced hypoglycemia, 135 (90%) knew the home management of hypoglycemic effect of insulin. More than three quarters (78%) reported they were comfortable with their insulin therapy. More than half (54.7%) of the participants have their blood sugar level monitored every month. Forty six (30.7%) of the patients reported they had missed their insulin due to different reasons at different times. Insulin storage appropriateness was significantly associated to educational level.
Conclusions: this study showed that there was poor practice among the patients regarding diabetes and self insulin therapy which calls for education on self-care management and insulin self-therapy for diabetes mellitus patients by the skilled health care providers.
Page(s) : 685-692
ISSN : 0975-9492
Source : Vol. 5, No.10