ISSN : 0975-9492


Open Access

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Title : Assessment of Risk Factors for the Early Detection of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
Authors : Velusamy Sivakumar, Ayyalu Rajasekeran, Arumugam Vijayakumar
Keywords : Risk factors, GDM, advancing age and BMI, early screening
Issue Date : March 2014
Abstract :
Purpose; Gestational diabetes mellitus affects 1-14% of all pregnancy with results of many maternal and fetal problems. Early detection and treatment may reduce the complications in pregnancy outcome. The main aim of the study is to assess the risk factors causing gestational diabetes mellitus. Methods; Study was carried out in the multispecialty hospital in Tamilnadu, south India, for the period of 10 years from January 2003 to December 2012. Pregnant women diagnosed with GDM were included in the study. Diabetes mellitus, hypertension, renal disorder and autoimmune disease woman were not included in the study. Antenatal, perinatal and neonatal data were collected from patient, family members, patient medical records and hospital database. SPSS statistical package version 20.0 was used for the statistical analysis. Paired‘t’ test, ANOVA, were used for various data analysis. Results; Age, BMI, gravidity, primiparity and irregular menstrual cycle shows significant influence on the development of gestational diabetes mellitus(P<0.05). The mean age of GDM women was 27.75 ± 3.90 years. The mean BMI of GDM women was 27.71 ± 3.61 kg/m2. The average gravidity of GDM alone women was 1.91± 1.10, Conclusion; From our study we observed, Advancing age, increasing BMI, Multigravida, primiparity, family history of diabetes and irregular menstrual cycle shows an influence on the development of GDM. These risk factors are comparable with internationally documented risk factors. Assessing the risk factors and identifying those women as high risk group for GDM is important for the early diagnosis of GDM.
Page(s) : 114-118
ISSN : 0975-9492
Source : Vol. 5, No.3