ISSN : 0975-9492


Open Access

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Title : Impairment in Spatial Memory in adult Rats following developmental Low Lead Exposure
Authors : Rajashekar Rao Barkur, Laxminarayana K. Bairy
Keywords : Developing brain, hippocampus, lead acetate, Spatial memory, Water maze test
Issue Date : November 2012
Abstract :
The present study was aimed to investigate the effect of environmentally relevant levels of lead exposure during gestational and early postnatal period on hippocampal dependent spatial memory in rats during adulthood. The pregnant rats were allowed to drink either normal water (control group) or 0.2% lead acetate solution (Lead treated group) during pregnancy and lactation. Thus rats pups of lead treated group where exposed to lead indirectly through their mothers during this period. At weaning pups of lead treated group were allowed to drink normal water till they attain the adult hood. Blood lead level was estimated on postnatal day 22 and 120. Birth weight and weight gain of the rat pups as they grew were measured at regular intervals. Both the control and lead treated groups of rats were subjected to water maze test on postnatal day 30 and 120. Results showed that lead treatment had no effect on birth weight or weight gain. Blood lead level on postnatal day 22 was significantly high in treated group compared to the control group and it was normalized by end of four months. The rats born to lead treated mothers showed impaired in spatial memory during water maze test both on postnatal day 36 and 126. These data suggests that exposure to environmentally relevant levels of lead during intrauterine and early postnatal period of brain development causes impairment in spatial memory not only during infancy but also lasts till adulthood.
Page(s) : 512-522
ISSN : 0975-9492
Source : Vol. 3, No.11