ISSN : 0975-9492


Open Access

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Title : Wild edible plants: a potential source of nutraceuticals
Authors : Neelu Singh
Keywords : wild ,edible plants, neutraceuticals, polysaccharides , diosgenin, food energy
Issue Date : December 2011
Abstract :
Wild edible fruits of Randia dumatorum ( Manhar), fruiting bodies of fungi, Asterus hygromatricus (Putpura ), Costus speciosus (Kevkand) and Pureria tuberosa (Patal Kumdha) were collected from different localities of central region which are being consumed raw or as vegetable . These species evaluated for their nutritional and anti nutritional parameters.
Fruiting bodies of A.hygromatricus contain high carbohydrate content i.e. 29.48% and 35.41% in outer and inner part respectively and fruits of R. dumetorum contain high carbohydrate (18.93%). A.hygromatricus is the good source of protein. Water soluble vitamins- ascorbic acid and thiamine were also found to be present in both R.dumetorum and A.hygromatricus Minerals viz., calcium, phosphorus and magnesium were also in appreciable amount. Polysaccharide-Starch contents in tubers varied from 25.82-38.30%.C.speciosus possess high protein value (19.20%). Lipid/oil content was also estimated in species, which contribute high energy value of tubers. Diosgenin, contents was estimated in Costus speciosus collected from different localities of central region, varied 1.37-2.11%.
The all plant species contain high food value. Food energy provided by the edible parts of the species varied from 126 g calories to 336 g calories which is comparable with other commonly used edible species.
The above mentioned plant species are being utilized in different areas of central region according to their availability and scarcity during the season and contained high amount of nutritional compositions and used as vegetables as well as medicinal purposes.
Page(s) : 216-225
ISSN : 0975-9492
Source : Vol. 2, No.12