ISSN : 0975-9492
CODEN : IJPSQQ





INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMA SCIENCES AND RESEARCH


Open Access

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ABSTRACT

Title : FORMULATION AND EVALUATION OF MUCOADHESIVE MICROSPHERES OF PIOGLITAZONE HYDROCHLORIDE USING A NATURAL POLYMER
Authors : Mobeen Mohd., Sathish A., Prakash G., Sarika M., Banu Thaiseen, Ramakrishna R.
Keywords : Pioglitazone hydrochloride, Goru gum, Microspheres, Orifice ion gelation.
Issue Date : April 2015
Abstract :
The objective of the present investigation was to design a controlled release dosage form for a thiazolidinedione oral hypoglycemic drug i.e., pioglitazone hydrochloride employing a natural polymer. The present study was also aimed to increase the biological half-life by developing it in the form of sustained release microspheres. The present study aimed at employing a natural polymer in formulating the mucoadhesive microspheres and estimate its effect over the controlled release of the drug from the formulation. The microspheres of pioglitazone hydrochloride were prepared by employing sodium alginate as a cell forming polymer and by using a natural bio-adhesive polymer viz. goru gum in the ratios of 1:1, 1:1.5 and 1:2, by orifice ion gelation method with varying concentrations of calcium chloride. Six batches of microspheres (MS1 MS6) were prepared. The microspheres were evaluated for various micromeritic properties and it was observed that all the batches exhibited free-flowing properties. Scanning electron microscopy results showed that the microspheres were almost spherical in shape and discrete. The FTIR results showed that there were no interactions between the drug and the excipients. The in vitro release profile indicated that all the batches of microspheres showed controlled and prolonged drug release over an extended period, with acceptable release kinetics. The work demonstrated that among all the formulations of microspheres, the microspheres of the formulation MS4 are promising candidates for the sustained release of pioglitazone hydrochloride.
Page(s) : 723-737
ISSN : 0975-9492
Source : Vol. 6, No.4